Heather douglas epistemic value

Although some work has examined a particular value in greater depth and attempted to ground a justification for its importance in an epistemic argument e. If our theories are ad hoc in this way, they will have little reliability moving forward. On this account, the research process is conceived as a sequence of decision-points, from problem-selection to hypothesis-choice, at which values play direct or indirect roles. The main achievement of this chapter, and indeed of the book as a whole, is to reconceive the scientist as an active agent with an authoritative voice in our society, rather than an idealized epistemic agent assessing evidential support for hypotheses I argue here that a finer grained account of the value of cognitive values can help reduce such tensions. Douglas, Heather E. East Lansing: Philosophy of Science Association, Consider next the possible tensions within group 4.

They also undercut the motivation for the value-free ideal. In Peter D.

inductive risk definition

Whether we are considering the relation between theory and evidence that is some form of coherence or some form of prediction, the precision or tightness of fit between the theory and evidence also matters. Science and Values. It also allows us to assess proposals for alternative sets of values e.

Does my organization of the values dissolve this ready-made explanation for rational disagreement?

what is inductive risk

A similar point can be made with regards to simplicity. Simpler claims are easier to follow through to their implications.

Duhem, Pierre. Second, it is important to note that in discussing the set of cognitive values, philosophers have lumped together two different kinds of things in science to which cognitive values can apply. Longino It is easier to find flaws in the claims and theories that instantiate these values. We might accept a theory that falls short on these criteria out of shear desperation, but we would know something was wrong and work furiously to correct it. Inclusion of social and ethical values in evidential assessment of hypotheses seems to undercut the objectivity of scientific claims. The value-laden ideal facilitates making this role explicit, increasing the transparency and democratic accountability of science in policy. Proponents of the value-free ideal classify values as epistemic vs.
Rated 6/10 based on 83 review
Download
Heather Douglas, Inductive risk and values in science