They also undercut the motivation for the value-free ideal. In Peter D.
Whether we are considering the relation between theory and evidence that is some form of coherence or some form of prediction, the precision or tightness of fit between the theory and evidence also matters. Science and Values. It also allows us to assess proposals for alternative sets of values e.
Does my organization of the values dissolve this ready-made explanation for rational disagreement?
A similar point can be made with regards to simplicity. Simpler claims are easier to follow through to their implications.Duhem, Pierre. Second, it is important to note that in discussing the set of cognitive values, philosophers have lumped together two different kinds of things in science to which cognitive values can apply. Longino It is easier to find flaws in the claims and theories that instantiate these values. We might accept a theory that falls short on these criteria out of shear desperation, but we would know something was wrong and work furiously to correct it. Inclusion of social and ethical values in evidential assessment of hypotheses seems to undercut the objectivity of scientific claims. The value-laden ideal facilitates making this role explicit, increasing the transparency and democratic accountability of science in policy. Proponents of the value-free ideal classify values as epistemic vs.