The arguments over the evolution of birds
Geology assuredly does not reveal any such finely-graduated organic chain; and this is the most obvious and serious objection which can be urged against the theory. The problems cited by such opponents for theropods are often more serious for the "thecodont" pseudo-hypothesis.
The "controversy" remains an interest more of the press than the general scientific community. Benton speculates that the advantage of being pint-size might have emerged as bird ancestors moved to trees, a useful source of food and shelter. The visual centers were expanded, and the regions of the brain it used to process sound were big.
Light-sensitive species survived. Archaeopteryx has numerous reptilian features, which most closely resemble a small theropod dinosaur. This is unfair and not at all true.
Closest bird to dinosaur
This is a smoking gun of evolutionary change if ever there were one — the quintessential transitional species. Evolution does not involve life origins, only the change in life over time, although this is a common misconception. Today, only birds breathe in this manner. Scientific American states the problem in this way, and it answers with an unsupportable claim that there are numerous intermediate fossils. But it has become increasingly clear that the story of how dinosaurs begat birds is much more subtle. The bones of the dinosaur, named Aerosteon riocoloradensis, have telltale pockets and a spongelike texture called pneumatization in which air sacs from the lung invade the bone. Evolutionary bias means that such remains are often likely to be interpreted as transitional, as with Gingerich, and is also prevalent in ape-man claims. It had some hallmarks of birds, such as feathered wings, but it also had more reptilian traits seen on no bird today, such as teeth and a long, bony tail. The possible evolutionary pathways that cellular proteins and structures could have taken in this time is tremendous, and it is no wonder that reconstructing these pathways stretches the human imagination. New Evidence Which brings us to the title of this article — new fossil evidence for the evolution of birds from theropod dinosaurs. Dinosaurs Take Wing. In this new study, Archaeopteryx no longer pops out. Why should we aid our competitors for survival, when other species act in self-interest? Today the important issue seems to be specifically which dinosaurs are the closest relatives of birds.
National Geographic vol. Five or more vertebrae incorporated into the sacrum hip. They argue that Archaeopteryx is not a missing link between reptiles and birds—it is just an extinct bird with reptilian features.
This remains a young science, but the early results are encouraging. Supposedly, theropods are too large and too specialized for terrestrial cursoriality to give rise to birds, possess anatomical characters that bar them from avialan ancestry, and appear too late in the Mesozoic record to be ancestral to Archaeopteryx e.
Apparently, creationists have no difficulty focusing on whichever half of the evidence suits them at the moment, and ignoring the other half.
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